Yellow Fever, hepatitis and tetanus vaccinations are recommended but not required for traveling to East Africa; however, we strongly recommend tetanus and hepatitis vaccinations. Please bring your vaccination cards with you.
You should take precautions against malaria. There are a number of Prophylaxis available. Some have mild side effects; you should check with your doctor for advice. We recommend starting your course of tablets early, in order to determine if you have any side effects before you travel.
Whilst in East Africa, only drink bottled water. We recommend that you drink at least 4 liters of non-alcoholic fluid each day to prevent dehydration. The most common cause of stomach upsets and diarrhea is dehydration; increasing your fluid intake should prevent this illness.
All countries have their own 'bugs' to which residents develop immunity. The African gastro-enteritis 'bugs' are the next most common cause of 'traveler's tummy.' Generally, antibiotics will cure this illness within 24 hours. This mild form of stomach upset is most commonly caught from hand to mouth contact with people. If you have shaken hands (harmless) with children or people in the bush, please wash your hands afterwards before you accidentally brush your mouth and transfer the germs.
Hotels, camps and lodges use clean water for their food preparation. East Africans take great pride in their fresh, good quality food; you will not go hungry! If you are not sure about the preparation of any type of food, simply ask. You will not offend!
Perfume, cologne and scented body lotions can attract mosquitoes and other flying insects. We recommend that you do not wear perfumes or colognes during your safari.
Nairobi, Kenya has excellent, European standard hospitals. Should evacuation be necessary, excellent medical care is a short flight away.
Local cultures vary tremendously throughout East Africa. With over 60 different tribes, each with their own traditions, beliefs, language and culture, it is not possible to learn all the cultural taboos during a short vacation. However, there are a few do's and don'ts that will ensure you do not offend local custom during your safari.
Nudity or semi-nudity is not permitted; on the Coast, it is especially offensive to the Muslim culture. Visitors are expected to wear a bikini or swimsuit when swimming at the Coast; topless sunbathing is illegal.
Shorts, t-shirts, trousers, skirts and dresses are suitable for all other activities. African attire tends to be casual; modest western dress is perfectly acceptable.
Do not take photographs without permission. Photography of airports or any government buildings is illegal. Save your film for the wildlife and cultural villages where photos are encouraged!
The elderly are very respected in East African culture; when introduced to a local family, addressing the eldest member first generates an excellent rapport!
It has been customary since safaris began to consider tips for your driver/guide and support staff. However, tipping is a very personal subject and the decision to tip and how much to give is entirely yours. Unlike in the USA or most of Europe, tips in Kenya are considered a gift; they are not a part of wages or payment. They are considered a bonus and are not expected or required.
An average daily wage in East Africa is just over US$ 1.20. As such, giving a porter a tip of a dollar is very generous. Room or tent stewards would be delighted with a tip of between US$0.50 - US$ 1.00 per day.
In a restaurant, if service has not been added to the bill, then a tip of 10% is suitable, if you are satisfied with the service. In most safari camps and lodges, a service charge has been included in your accommodation rate, which is paid to the staff by the establishment.
In general, the only person who will expect a tip from you is your driver/guide, who would be very happy with a tip of around US$ 2- US$ 3 per couple per day. If you are camping rather than staying in a lodge, your camp cook would appreciate approximately US$ 10 per person for the entire trip. If you also have a camp assistant, then a tip of US$ 5 per person for the entire trip would be suitable.
East Africa's flora and fauna is often fragile and endangered. Please do not collect any form of flora or fauna when on your safari, whether inside a National Park or not. In particular, do not purchase any form of handicraft or souvenir that requires the death of an animal, such as shells, starfish, ivory, animal hides or bird eggs.
It is prohibited to sell ivory, rhino horn and animal hides are prohibited items in Kenya. If these items are offered to you at any time, please report the matter to the authorities immediately.
Many local handicrafts are hand carved from indigenous trees. Please ensure that you purchase carvings made from woods such as mango, neam and jacaranda. Avoid the hard woods such as ebony and bamba kofi as these trees take centuries to grow and are now endangered through extensive forest cutting.
When purchasing your souvenirs and handicrafts, purchase the work of local craftsmen and artisans. Woven baskets, beadwork, jewelry, woodwork and cotton cloth are some of the more common handicrafts. Most tribes have their own traditional designs, shapes and sizes, providing a wide variety from which to choose.
When traveling on safari, baggage should be kept to a minimum. Charter flights and vehicle transfers do not allow a large amount of baggage. Use soft duffle bags instead of suitcases, as frequently the small airplane baggage lockers cannot fit a large suitcase.
Laundry service (excluding underwear) is available in all of the properties; therefore large amounts of clothing are not required. Towels are supplied in permanent camps and lodges.
City hotels and some large safari lodges provide electricity for such items as shavers and hair-dryers. Smaller lodges and permanent camps will rely on generators for electricity or solar power, limiting electrical availability. Most campsites do not have electricity so hair-dryers, electric shavers etc. are not useable.
East Africa's climate is based upon altitude. Inland, the days are warm to hot; the evenings are cool to cold. Only at the Coast are the temperatures less varied, remaining warm to hot throughout the day and night. The coldest months are June, July and August; the hottest months are January, February and March.
June, July, August and November may provide some showers and misty weather as these are the times of the Long and Short rains.
Dress is casual. Long-sleeved, lightweight shirts or blouses and trousers, with a sweater or light jacket are appropriate for the evenings. The camps do not have heating, so bring something warm in which to sleep.
Shorts and t-shirts are suitable for the hotter days.
A lightweight rain jacket is useful; a wide-brimmed hat is vital.
A good pair of walking shoes or boots is advisable when walking or horse riding. However, within the camps, lodges and hotels, light footwear may be worn.
Neutral colors, such as gray, khaki, browns or greens, are best; bright colors and patterns, including white, can spook animals and birds.
Some lodges and hotels have swimming pools, so bring your swimsuit!
Use our safari checklist to help you pack!
Bring all camera equipment, including spare batteries and film (100-400ASA), cleansing fluid, tissues and dust spray, as they are difficult to obtain and extremely expensive in East Africa.
Please ensure that you also bring dust covers of some kind for your camera equipment. A small beanbag to use as a tripod is useful in a vehicle.
If using a 35mm camera, we suggest a wide-angle lens of 25mm to 35mm and two additional lenses that allow a range of 35mm to 300mm.
When staying in small mobile camps, it is unlikely you'll be able to re-charge video cameras.
In your daypack, carry:
If you are taking any prescribed medicines, please ensure you have an adequate supply for the duration of your trip. If wearing contact lenses, please remember that it will be dusty and you will need extra cleaning fluid.
It means many things to many people, but to Eco-resorts, it means Environmentally or Community Oriented. We use hotels, camps and lodges that are involved in wildlife conservation and community projects.
Eco-resorts is changing the world - one journey at a time. Animals and people both need land. Ecotourism provides an alternative income for the people, leaving space for the migratory animals. Eco-resorts actively supports the villages and projects that are protecting East Africa's environment and culture.
We develop self-help eco-projects, which promote wildlife conservation. We also educate both our consumers and our partner camps with two free ezines. In our office, we use solar power and wind power, store our rainwater, employ and train local staff, reduce paper and plastic consumption and have left the natural vegetation unscathed, resulting in duiker and monitor lizards visiting the office!
We donate 10% of all post-tax profits to fund community and/or conservation projects. Community projects are operated with the local villagers as the operators and managers; Eco-resorts provides advice and guidance when requested, but abides by local beliefs and traditions.
Our current projects include:
Eco-resorts wants the local villagers to become the greatest supporters of the Forest. One of the many projects in the Forest trains the local villagers to breed forest butterfly species for export to the live butterfly market. With two local butterfly farms already in operation, over 400 people in the area bordering the Forest now have an income that relies upon the continued health of the Forest. Our goal is to employ another 100 people.
Finally, the Kenyan Eco-resorts office is located within the boundaries of the Watamu National Marine Park; an Eco-resorts director is an Honorary Game Park Warden. The company provides extensive assistance to the warden and rangers within this United Nations protected Biosphere.
Please contact firstname.lastname@example.org for more detailed information on our community and wildlife conservation projects that your eco-adventure safari will support. Help us make a difference!
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